For Authors

Manuscript preparation
The editorial team reserves the right to abridge and amend the received texts (including titles). The authors of the paper are responsible for the rights to quote other publications (texts, tables, figures and drawings).

  1. Materials should be edited in line with the standards adopted by “Czas Kultury” and sent only by e-mail to the following address:
  2. Please attach the following to the paper:
    – abstract (up to 700 characters)
    – keywords
    – bio: academic degree, place of employment, academic research area, selected publications.
  3. Please use Times New Roman font and save the text as an rtf or doc file.
  4. Font size: 12 points, line spacing: 1,5 lines.
  5. Citations to be inserted in straight font, in quotations marks. Quotation marks should be Polish (lower and upper). The text cited in the citation should be between French quotes («…»).
  6. Titles of books, articles, pieces, films and works of art should be italicised.
  7. For titles of newspapers and magazines straight font and quotation marks should be used.
  8. Phrases in foreign languages should be italicised.
  9. Footnotes may be used only to provide additional explanation of notions.
  10. References to citations should be made in the main text after the citation, in square brackets, in line with MLA Eighth Edition.
  11. At the end of the text the list of cited works should be included, in line with the following instruction.

In-text citations

  1. Reference to citation should be given to the original source (and not as “as cited in”)
  2. Typical reference should include the name(s) of author(s) or editor(s) and page number without punctuation marks, e.g.
    [Godzic 85]
    [White and White 128]
    [Wysocki et al. 12] – for more than two authors
    If the author’s name is specified in the text where the reference is included, give page number only, e.g.
    “The Germans took me to the ghetto in Warsaw, that was in autumn 1942. I was working in a forced labor camp located on the outskirts of Warsaw, probably in the Ochota district” [Dębski and Talewicz-Kwiatkowska 154] At Okęcie airport, he did earthworks and built various kinds of fortifications. Due to a disease of the eyes, he was released from the camp after the intervention of a German doctor. His taste of freedom did not last long, however, since he was apprehended as a “loitering gypsy” and transported to the camp at Majdanek. For her part, Leokadia Bejman, captured by the Germans in a forest near Warsaw and moved with her husband and children to the Warsaw Ghetto, reports:
    There were other Roma there too– from Kozłowscy, Pawłowscy, Iglenic and others, some are still living today. It was autumn 1942. We didn’t stay here long, because I was transported to the camp at Treblinka. At that time I had three children. They took me to Treblinka with a transport of Jews from the ghetto, with my youngest daughter, who had just been born, and my husband. Two of my children remained in the ghetto – Helena and Ignacy […], who were raised by other Roma from our family. [67]
  3. If the author is unknown, the reference should include the first part of the source title and page number.
  4. If the work contains numbering used instead of page numbers (e.g. chapters, lines and paragraphs) or is in a digital form (film, TV show episode, audio or video recording), an abbreviation referring to the marking or time record should be given, e.g.
    [Platon in 25]
    [“Thirsty Bird” 00:03:25-30]
  5. If reference is made to a number of works, semi-colon should be used to separate them
    [Bauman 159; Kubicki 36]
  6. Reference from different locations of the same source should be separated with a comma
    [Parandowski 26, 59, 184]
  7. If a number of works by one author is mentioned in the list of cited works, the first part of the cited source and page number should be given, e.g. for two works by Z. Bauman
    Bauman, Zygmunt. Bauman o popkulturze. Wypisy (wybór tekstów z lat 1994–2006). Wydawnictwa Akademickie i Profesjonalne, 2008.
    —. Retrotopia: Jak rządzi nami przeszłość. Translated by Karolina Lebek, Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN, 2018.
    In such case the reference will be as follows:
    [Retrotopia 143]
    [Bauman 25]
  8. If the list contains the works of various authors of the same surname, the first letter of the first name should be given in reference, e.g.
    [J. Kornhauser 126]

List of cited works:

  1. please give all cited sources in an alphabetical list, without distinguishing books, periodicals, digital sources etc.;
  2. for a number of works by the same author, mention the name with the first work only and then replace it with a triple hyphen — with other works;
  3. follow the general MLA pattern:
    Title of source. Title of container, Other contributors, Version, Number, Publisher, Publication date, Location.
  4. book by one or two authors
    Danto, Arthur C. Świat sztuki. Pisma z filozofii sztuki. Translated by Leszek Sosnowski. Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego, 2006.
    White, Harrison C., and Cynthia A. White. Canvases and careers: institutional change in the French painting world: with a new foreword and a new afterword. University of Chicago Press, 1993.
  5. book by more than two authors
    Wysocki, Anne Frances, et al. Writing New Media: Theory and Applications for Expanding the Teaching of Composition. Utah State UP, 2004.
  6. edited work
    Bronte, Charlotte. Jane Eyre. Edited by Margaret Smith, Oxford UP, 1998.
  7. collective work of a single editor
    Michalkiewicz, Stanisław, editor. Wybitni i przeciętni przywódcy a lud i społeczeństwo w dziejach, Uniwersytet Śląski, 1985.
  8. collective work of two or more editors
    Bednarek, Stefan, et al., editors, Polskie miejsca pamięci. Dzieje toposu wolności, Narodowe Centrum Kultury, 2014.
  9. essay, paper, interview, short story, poem comprising a part of a larger work
    Copeland, Edward. “Money.”The Cambridge Companion to Jane Austen, edited by Copeland and Juliet McMaster, Cambridge UP, 1997, pp. 131-48.
  10. paper in a periodical
    Lorensen, Jutta. “Between Image and Word, Color, and Time: Jacob Lawrence’s The Migration Series.”African American Review, vol. 40, no. 3, 2006, pp. 571-86.
  11. presentation, lecture
    Stein, Bob. “Reading and Writing in the Digital Era”. Discovering Digital Dimensions, Computers and Writing Conference, 23 May 2003, Union Club Hotel, West Lafayette, IN. Keynote Address.
  12. Internet post or article (without access date)
    Żytnicki, Piotr. “To był spokojny Marsz Równości”. Archiwum „Gazety Wyborczej”, 16 Nov 2009,,0.html#TRNavSST.
  13. personal interview
    Smith, Jane. Personal interview. 19 May 2014.
  14. published/broadcast interview
    Gaitskill, Mary. Interview with Charles Bock. Mississippi Review, vol. 27, no. 3, 1999, pp. 129-50.
    Amis, Kingsley. Interview by Dale Salwak. “Mimic and Moralist”. Interviews with Britain’s Angry Young Men, Borgo P, 1984.
  15. interview published on the Internet
    Kopyt, Szczepan. Interview by Joanna B. Bednarek. “Literatura niszczy uzurpacje”. pl, 28 kwietnia 2018,
  16. film, TV show episode, song, work of art etc.
    Little Miss Sunshine. Directed by Jonathan Dayton and Valerie Faris. Fox Searchlight, 2006.
    „Hush”. Buffy the Vampire Slayer, created by Joss Whedon, season 4, episode 10, Mutant Enemy, 1999.
    “Thirsty Bird”. Orange Is the New Black, created by Jenji Kohan, Netflix, season 2, episode 1, Netflix, 6 Jun. 2014,
    Beyoncé. „Pretty Hurts”. Beyoncé, Parkwood Entertainment, 2013.
  17. if the author is not known, start with the title
  18. if the cited work is included in a number of resources, name them all, e.g.
    Tucker, Virginia M., et al. “Learning Portals: Analyzing Threshold Concept Theory for LIS Education”. Journal of Education for Library and Information Science, vol. 55, no. 2, Apr. 2014, pp. 150-65. Academic OneFile,

More about MLA style:

“Czas Kultury” edit­ing practices
The editors of “Czas Kultury” hereby declare a policy aimed at ensuring the originality of scholarly publications and opposed to ghostwriting and guest authorship:

  1. the editors demand that authors of scholarly writing published herein reveal the contributions of individual authors to all articles submitted (naming their institutional affiliation and contributions as authors of any concepts, premises, methods, minutes, etc. used in developing the article), with overall responsibility borne by the author submitting the manuscript;
  2. the editors clarify that ghostwriting and guest authorship are violations of scholarly honesty and integrity, and if discovered, any instances of such behavior will be exposed and appropriate authorities notified (institutions where authors are employed, scholarly bodies and societies, associations of scholarly editors, etc.);
  3. the editors shall document any instance of scholarly dishonesty, in particular violations of the ethical principles to which all scholars are bound.

“Czas Kultury” reviewing practices:

  1. reviewers for “Czas Kultury” journal are individuals from outside the institution with which the editor-in-chief is affiliated;
  2. at least two independent reviewers from outside that institution are asked to evaluate each article or text published in the magazine;
  3. when dealing with texts written in a foreign language (a language other than Polish), at least one of the reviewers is affiliated with a foreign (non-Polish) academic center;
  4. our reviewing practices involve a double-blind review process: authors and reviewers are not aware of each other’s identity;
  5. each reviewer must sign a declaration of the absence of any conflict of interest; conflicts of interest are constituted by the following relationships between reviewer and author:
    – direct personal relationships (kinship, legal association, conflict),
    – relationships of professional subordination,
    – direct scholarly collaboration within the two years previous to the review’s preparation.

Reviews are completed in writing and end with an unambiguous verdict in favor of either publishing or rejecting the article. The principles on which articles are accepted or rejected are published on the magazine’s home page.

The names of reviewers for each issue of the magazine are not revealed; once a year, the magazine presents a list of its collaborating reviewers to the public.

The primary version of “Czas Kultury” journal is its printed version in Polish language, selected articles are published in English in electronic version.

Ethical Guidelines

The “Czas Kultury” [Time of Culture] periodical is a platform for exchanging scientific ideas, non-discriminating on the grounds of gender, age, sexual orientation, religion, origin, race, nationality or disability and not accepting any publications which do not adhere to these principles.

The ethical standards are applied to each stage of creating the journal and pertain to any and all parties involved in the publication of each issue: authors, editors, publisher and reviewers.

“Czas Kultury” makes every effort so that the ethical standards applied in the publishing process adhere to the guidelines of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

Below the basic rules of procedure and expectations from parties involved in publication are presented.

  1. Duties of the editorial staff and publisher:
  • act in a balanced, objective and honest manner, without discriminating on the basis of sex, age, sexual orientation, religious conviction, ethnic or geographical of the authors;
  • approve the received manuscripts solely on the grounds of their content which is to be in line with the journal’s policy, and not on the grounds of commercial value or any other non-content related aspect;
  • follow procedures related to ethical and/or other complaints. Allow the authors to reply and lodge complaints;
  • consideration of all complaints and keeping records of all related documentation.
  1. Duties of reviewers:
  • assist in the quality improvement of published articles by objective and punctual review of submitted texts;
  • inform the editorial staff of any suspicion of plagiarism;
  • inform the editorial staff of any conflict of interest (financial, institutional or other) between the reviewer and author and, in consequence, willingness to withdraw from the review process;
  • assure confidentiality of any and all information provided by the editor or author;
  • not store (other than for the review purpose) or copy the submitted texts.
  1. Authors’ duties:
  • submission of the text is equivalent to the declaration that it is not considered or accepted for publication elsewhere;
  • cite sources in which the fragments of the submitted text overlap with the existing publications of the author;
  • report any and all potential conflicts of interest that may have an undesired impact on the author’s duties at any stage of work on the text;
  • cooperate with the editor and publisher in order to publish any necessary supplements, correction of withdrawal of text;
  • assure that any research involving humans or animals adhere to the national, local and institutional regulations;
  • respect of privacy.

Procedure in the event of unethical behaviour:

  • such behaviours may be identified and presented by the editor and publisher at any time;
  • the editor or publisher should gather relevant evidence without formulating premature allegations;
  • minor violations may be considered without a broader consultation. The author should be able to respond to any allegations;
  • major breach of standards may require that stakeholders be notified, at the editor’s and publisher’s discretion;
  • the procedure may result in a disciplinary letter to the author or reviewer or publishing an official note containing detailed data of inappropriate behaviour. Another consequence may be the notification of employer or other interested parties, as well as withdrawal of the text from publication;
  • in justified, extreme cases, the matter may be reported to competent authorities for consideration.

The editorial staff do not charge any fees for publishing articles.

Archiving and access:

  • the editorial staff make back-up copies of all contents of the journal and store an archive in a separate electronic database;
  • the journal’s website allows access to published archive contents, to date digital versions from the years 1985-1989 and from 2003 to most recent editions have been prepared and made available, further archive works are planned as well as making available the digital versions of editions dating back to 1990-2002;
  • content is made available in line with the journal’s policy: last 5 annual volumes in paid access, annual volumes older than 5 years – free of charge.