Polska sielska, bohaterska, ofiarna. Narracje narodowe w widowiskach patriotycznych


Using the examples of three performative shows created in line with the perspective proposed by the Polish right, this article discusses the right-wing condoned practice of discursively reinforcing national ideology. „Orzeł i krzyż” [The Eagle and the Cross], „Wolność we krwi” [Freedom in Blood] and „Popiełuszko” promote a particular vision of Polishness, suggesting that its traditional characteristics, still relevant today, are the ludic idyll, brave heroism and – inspired by religious ideals – self-sacrifice. The national narratives presented in the text are juxtaposed with the category of turbopatriotism described by Marcin Napiórkowski. A critical look at the politics of memory, implemented through the discussed artistic activities, allows the text to propose a diagnosis of “memory manipulation” (Marcin Król), which in the name of political interests that subordinate national narratives to the practice of retrotopia – through references to tradition, history, and religion – legitimizes conservative power. Keywords: nation, politics of memory, patriotism, retrotopia, power, discourse